What Is a Canvas Stand Called in English?

An easel, pronounced as [ ee-zuhl ] according to the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), is a versatile stand or frame designed to support and display various objects at an angle. Predominantly utilized by artists, an easel serves as a reliable companion for displaying canvases during the creative process. However, it’s utility extends beyond the realm of art as it can also accommodate blackboards, china plates, and other items that benefit from an inclined presentation.

What Name Is Given to the Stand on Which an Artist Rest a Canvas?

The name given to the stand on which an artist rests a canvas is commonly known as an easel. Easels are versatile structures that artists use to support their work during the creative process. They’re designed to hold a canvas or other flat objects at an angle, allowing the artist to work comfortably and effectively.

They can be made of wood, metal, or even lightweight materials like aluminum or plastic.

Another term that’s sometimes used to refer to an easel is a “masking frame.”. This term originates from the idea that the easel acts as a boundary or frame that helps isolate and focus the artists attention on the specific area being worked on. By surrounding the canvas with the easels structure, the artist can block out distractions and concentrate on their art piece.

The wooden thing that holds a canvas is called a stretcher bar. It provides a solid frame for the canvas and maintains it’s tension. If the canvas becomes loose over time, wooden canvas wedges, also known as canvas keys, can be used to tighten and adjust the tension.

What Is the Wooden Thing That Holds a Canvas?

The wooden thing that holds a canvas is called a stretcher frame. It’s a frame made of wooden bars that holds the canvas taut and prevents it from sagging or wrinkling. Stretcher frames are commonly used in the creation of paintings and other artworks done on canvas. They’re available in various sizes and can be purchased pre-made or custom-made to fit specific dimensions.

A stretcher frame consists of four wooden bars – two longer bars called the sidebars and two shorter bars called the crossbars. The crossbars are placed inside the sidebars to create a rectangular or square shape, depending on the desired dimensions of the canvas. The bars are usually constructed using lightweight but sturdy wood, such as pine or fir.

To assemble a stretcher frame, the bars are interlocked at the corners using joinery techniques like mortise and tenon or dovetail joints. These joints provide stability and strength to the overall frame structure. Once the frame is assembled, the canvas is stretched over it and secured to the back of the bars using staples, tacks, or a combination of both.

In most cases, canvases tend to stretch or loosen over time due to changes in temperature, humidity, or the natural elasticity of the fabric. This is where the wooden canvas wedges, also known as canvas keys, come into play. These small wooden pieces can be inserted into slots on the sidebars of the stretcher frame to gently expand the frame, thus tightening the canvas and restoring it’s tautness.

It’s important to note that the use of canvas wedges should be done with caution. Over-tightening the canvas can lead to damage or warping of the frame, while under-tightening can result in a loose or sagging canvas. It’s recommended to periodically check the tension of the canvas and make adjustments if necessary, using the canvas wedges provided or purchasing additional ones if needed. By maintaining the proper tension, artists can ensure the longevity and integrity of their artwork.

Alternatives to Stretcher Frames for Holding Canvases

  • Easel stands
  • Gallery wraps
  • Floater frames
  • Panel frames
  • Shadow boxes
  • Clamp systems
  • Canvas boards
  • Canvas panels
  • Wooden cradles
  • Aluminum frames
  • Acrylic panels
  • Wall mounts

However, when it comes to working in different locations or outdoor settings, painters need a portable and adjustable tool that can securely hold their canvas. This is where the practicality and versatility of a plein air easel come into play. Designed specifically for outdoor painting, plein air easels enable artists to set up their canvases anywhere and adjust the height and angle to their liking. Now, let’s take a closer look at the features and benefits of these indispensable tools for painters on the move.

What Does a Painter Use to Hold His Canvas?

These easels are typically made of sturdy materials such as wood or metal to provide stability and support. They often have adjustable components that allow the artist to position the canvas at different angles, ensuring the most comfortable working position. Some easels even have additional features like storage compartments or a tray to hold art supplies.

In addition to studio easels, artists also use smaller portable easels for outdoor painting or when they need to work on location. These lightweight and collapsible easels are typically made of aluminum or other lightweight materials, making them easy to transport.

Another popular option for holding canvases is the tabletop easel. As the name suggests, these easels sit on a table or a flat surface and provide a stable base for smaller canvases or panels. They often have a compact and foldable design, which makes them convenient for artists working in limited spaces or for those who prefer a seated painting position.

For artists working with very large or heavy canvases, there are also heavy-duty easels available. Heavy-duty easels often have wide bases and reinforced frames to ensure that the canvas remains securely in place during the painting process.

Overall, an easel is an artists essential tool for holding canvases or panels, providing support, stability, and adjustable angles for comfortable painting. The choice of the easel depends on various factors such as the size of the canvas, the artists painting style, and the location of work.

Source: Painting Tools – Fox Chase – Florence Griswold Museum

Conclusion

In English, a canvas stand is called an "easel" [ ee-zuhl ]. This versatile piece of equipment serves as a stand or frame that supports and displays an artist's canvas, a blackboard, a china plate, and more at an angle. While being a functional tool, easels are also recognized for their aesthetic appeal, creating a visually pleasing backdrop for artistic expressions and visual communication.

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